[Dream Chasing · First -line Workers’ Style Records] ＂Packing a lifetime paper, learning for a lifetime＂
[Dream Chasing · First -line Workers’ Style Records] "Packing a lifetime paper, learning for a lifetime"
"Cangjie, Lei Gong bowl, paper out of paper, drifting curtains …" This is a song circulating in Beizhang Village, Ziwu Street, High -tech District, Xi’an, Shaanxi. In Beizhangcun, Ma Songsheng, an outstanding inheritor inheritor in Shaanxi Province, has done one thing in 48 years -insisted on making leather paper with ancient methods. In his words, "copy a lifetime paper and learn a lifetime." The "hand" mentioned here is craftsmanship. On March 24, spring was warm and cold.
At 6 o’clock, in the northern village’s puppet paper copying technique, the 65 -year -old Ma Songsheng was a fence, lifted up the cuffs, picked up the wooden shovel, and repeatedly stirred in the paper and Han trough filled with the pulp.
Then, he raised his bamboo curtain with both hands, stretched into the cold paper and Han trough, dived, washed his head, digging water, watering, and putting paper. "This craft is called the most critical of the production of paper paper. The bamboo curtain leaned forward in the paper and Chinese trough and leaned back. A paper film is evenly formed on the bamboo curtain.
This is very strict with force, and it is impossible to be light.
"Ma Songsheng said. According to research, Beizhangcun’s paper -making techniques originated from the Western Han Dynasty. In 2008, the production skills of pimple paper were included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage lists.
Ma Songsheng recalled that the villagers of the whole village had made papermaking as a living, and there were more than 600 paper workshops. "I fell in love with this behavior." At the age of 17, he graduated from junior high school. Ma Songsheng followed his father to learn the production skills of ancient method paper. He started working at 6 am every morning.
His feet, fast eyes, clever, and highly enlightened. After half a year, he could use paper.
In addition to mastering the five basic steps, it is also necessary to effectively connect 36 main processes and 72 small processes in order to complete the production of a piece of paper. With the improvement of skills, at that time, Ma Songsheng could copy 1,500 pieces of paper a day.
With the rise of mechanical paper, the handmade papermaking industry has been greatly impacted. In addition, the cost of handmade papermaking is high and the profit is small. Most people in the village have changed their work to work to make a living. Now only 3 households still insist on handmade paper making.
It is difficult to start a business, and it is more difficult to keep in business. In order to inherit the technique of "living fossils" known as the "living fossil" of the ancient method, Ma Songsheng actively participated in academic exchanges and went to the province to learn from the scriptures. He continued to innovate and tried repeatedly, and eventually integrated ancient papermaking technology with modern technology, producing a paper that can maintain the ancient paper style and more smooth and soft.
What made Ma Songsheng was pleased that his son Ma Junpo was very interested in ancient legal paper. He often helped him to pound bark, cut off -cuts, and stepping on holidays to learn ancient legal paper skills with him.
His wife Zou Xuanli and Ma Songsheng were the same age. During the day, Ma Songsheng packed on paper. In the evening, the couple sits together and unveiled the paper together. Gradually, Zou Xuanli also turned into the inheritance of the ancient method of the ancient method.
Spring, summer, autumn and winter, the four seasons are overwhelming. Every day, from the early morning, Ma Songsheng’s hands will ripple in the paper and Han trough that is warm when the water is warm.